HEALTH : zydus needle free corona vaccine zycov d

According to a Reuters report citing CNBC-TV18, the Indian pharmaceuticals regulator’s topic expert committee has approved licensing Zydus Cadila’s three-dose COVID-19 vaccine (ZyCoV-D) for emergency use authorization (EUA). According to CNBC-TV18, the committee also noted that Zydus desires additional information for the 2-dose schedule of their vaccine.

How does the vaccine function?

  • ZyCoV-D is a vaccination based on DNA. It instructs the immune system to combat the pathogen through genetic material.
  • The SARS-CoV-2 spike protein gene is transported on a plasmid DNA vector in the vaccination. Like other DNA vaccinations, the recipient’s cells produce the spike protein, activating a defense mechanism. The plasmid also contains unmethylated CpG patterns to enhance its ability to stimulate the immune system. E. coli organisms are utilized to create plasmids. The vaccination is administered intradermally using a spring-driven jet injector.
  • After a vaccine injection, the plasmid DNA is absorbed by epidermis cells. Once the plasmid DNA has entered the cell’s nucleus, it expresses the spike protein gene. The spike protein is then applied to the cell’s exterior.
  • The immune system mounts an immunological response to the spike protein because it perceives it as foreign. This immune response produces antibodies that can bind to the spike protein and prevent it from attaching to cells. Additionally, the immune system generates T cells that can eliminate virus-infected cells.
  • If exposed to the SARS-CoV-2 virus, a person who has received the vaccine will have an immune system that can quickly identify and combat the virus. This will reduce their likelihood of becoming unwell.

Below is additional information about ZyCoV-D:

  • As a DNA-based vaccination, it prepares the body’s immune system to combat the virus using genetic material.
  • Tropis is administered through a needleless injection device. This makes it a more convenient and harmless alternative to traditional vaccinations.
  • Clinical trials are safe and effective.
  • It is being manufactured on a massive scale and will soon be available in India.
  • If you want to receive the ZyCoV-D vaccine, please consult your physician. They can help you determine if you are a good candidate for the vaccine.

Zydus Zycov D: Needle-Free Corona Vaccine:

On July 1, Cadila Healthcare Ltd., a manufacturer of generic pharmaceuticals, applied for approval of its ZyCoV-D vaccine, citing an efficacy rate of 66.6% in a late-stage trial involving over 28,000 volunteers nationwide. ZyCoV-D would be the sixth vaccine to be licensed nationwide, following Covishield, Covaxin, Sputnik V, and Moderna. Additionally, it will be the first DNA vaccine licensed in any nation. A pharmaceutical company in Ahmedabad, India, requested an emergency use authorization for their three-dose ZyCoV-D COVID-19 vaccine on July 1.

Recently, the company submitted a two-dose research protocol for the injection. The SEC will undoubtedly evaluate the circumstances and conclude. The company tested its COVID-19 vaccine in more than 50 locations in India, making it its largest clinical trial. In addition, this was the first time any COVID-19 vaccination was evaluated on adolescents in India, specifically those aged 12 to 18.

Listed below are some advantages of DNA vaccines:

  • DNA vaccines can be stored at ambient temperature and are more stable than traditional vaccines.
  • They are currently more portable and broadly accessible.
  • Efficiency: DNA vaccines can evoke a potent immune response even in immunocompromised individuals. Consequently, they are an option for those who cannot receive conventional immunizations.
  • DNA vaccinations generally have few side effects and are safe to use. Therefore, they are an excellent option for those concerned about vaccinations safety.
  • DNA vaccines are viable for mass vaccination campaigns because they are relatively simple to produce.
  • DNA vaccines are still being developed, but they could radically alter how we administer vaccines to humans. They may provide a simple and cost-effective method of preventing various diseases.

What are the disadvantages of the DNA vaccine?

DNA vaccines are promising novel vaccines, but they have several limitations. DNA vaccines have several substantial drawbacks, such as:

  • Unlike conventional immunizations, DNA vaccines may not generate as robust an immune response. As a result, they may be less successful at avoiding disease.
  • DNA vaccines have not been subjected to as much research as conventional immunizations. This suggests that the likelihood of unexpected adverse effects is minimal.
  • Due to their developmental status, DNA vaccines are more expensive than conventional vaccines.
  • Immune tolerance: DNA vaccines may induce immune tolerance to the encoded antigen, which could reduce their efficacy.
  • DNA vaccines can be administered via various vectors, each of which carries the risk of adverse side effects. Some vectors, for instance, can cause cell mortality or inflammation.
  • DNA vaccines can transfer genetic material to cells, raising concerns about the prospect of unintended side effects such as cancer development.

Vaccination against the ZykV virus:

ZyCoV-D is a plasmid DNA vaccine that protects against SARS-CoV-2 infection via the human immune system’s cellular (T lymphocyte immunity) and humoral (antibody-mediated immunity) arms. After receiving the vaccination, there was a success rate of 100 percent for moderate disease and 66.6% for symptomatic cases of COVID. To administer this vaccine intradermally, a ‘needle-free injector’ is utilized. Zydus asserts that its needle-free method can significantly reduce adverse effects. The section that follows contains additional information about ZyCoC-D.

The Solution:

COVID-19 is caused by the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, and ZyCoV-D is the first ‘plasmid DNA’ vaccine against it. It is the first plasmid DNA immunization licensed for humans. According to Patel’s suggestion, the vaccine “has proven its safety and efficacy profile” against COVID-19. According to reports, Zydus Cadila invested between 400 and 500 crore rupees in vaccine research and development.

Is the Covid vaccination from Zydus Cadila only available to adults?

According to sources, Zydus Cadila’s COVID-19 vaccine ZyCov-D, which India’s drug regulator has approved for persons aged 12 and older, will be administered only to adults for the time being as part of the Government’s national anti-coronavirus immunization plan. The health ministry has authorized preparatory work to include the locally developed, needle-free shot in the national Covid vaccination campaign, which could commence anytime.

The ministry has already placed an order with the Ahmedabad-based company for one billion vaccine doses. “As of now, under the national Covid vaccination campaign, only adults will receive ZyCov-D, which India’s drug regulator has approved for those aged 12 and older,” a government official explained. Cite the source cited.

Thursday, Union Health Minister Mansukh Mandaviya stated that the Government will take its time distributing Covid vaccinations to children and that any decision will be based on the counsel of experts. Despite limited efforts in several nations, he asserts that globally, children must be immunized against COVID-19.

We will opt not to vaccinate the children based on experts’ recommendations. We have decided to delay and reflect before vaccinating children because they are the future of our country. We must proceed with caution, said Mandaviya. In the meantime, the National Technical Advisory Group on Immunisation (NTAGI) is establishing a comprehensive infant immunization program, including developing a list of comorbidities with the highest priority.

ZyCov-D is the first Covid vaccine approved for adolescents over 12 by the Indian pharmaceutical agency. The Drugs Controller General of India (DCGI), according to official sources, has granted emergency use authorisation for Bharat Biotech’s Covaxin for children aged two to eighteen.
Before administering ZyCov-D to adults, frontline workers, and vaccine providers will receive concise instructions on how to use the needle-free applicator in actual field conditions. Currently, every citizen older than 18 is eligible for Covid vaccination.

Zydus Cadila would provide the Government with one billion doses of ZyCoV-D for Rs 265 per dose:

Today, Cadila Healthcare announced in a regulatory filing that the Government of India has ordered one billion doses of their Covid-19 vaccine ‘ZyCoV-D’ at Rs 265 per dose and the needle-free applicator at Rs 93 per dose, exclusive of GST. Zydus Cadila’s ZyCoV-D, the world’s first plasmid DNA vaccine, is a three-dose injection licensed by the Drugs Controller General of India on August 20, 2021, for emergency use in adults and children aged 12 and older. In addition, it is the first Covid-19 vaccine that can be administered with a needle-free applicator instead of conventional syringes.

ZyCoV-D has not been utilized in India’s vaccine campaign as of yet.”We are pleased to support the Government’s vaccination programme with ZyCoV-D,” said Sharvil Patel, the company’s managing director.We anticipate that the needle-free immunization application will encourage many more individuals to become vaccinated and protect themselves from COVID-19, particularly children and young adults aged 12 to 18.” Each of the three ZyCoV-D injections will be administered 28 days apart, in both arms. Primary efficacy for symptomatic RT-PCR-positive cases was 66.6% based on interim data from over 28,000 participants in Phase-III clinical trials.

Zydus Cadila Cost:

After numerous discussions with the Government, Zydus Cadila reportedly consented to reduce the cost of its COVID-19 vaccine to Rs 265 per dose. There currently needs to be a formal agreement. Zydus Cadila’s ZyCov-D vaccine is the first to receive approval from India’s drug authority to vaccinate individuals aged 12 and older. A disposable frictionless jet applicator costs Rs 93 per dose to administer the needle-free vaccine, bringing the total cost to Rs 358 per dosage.

Insiders said the Ahmedabad-based pharmaceutical company had previously recommended a Rs 1,900 price for its three-dose regimen. “The cost of a disposable jet applicator has been included in the pricing of Rs 358 per dose… A final decision is expected this week, according to a source familiar with the issue.

The three injections will be administered 28 days apart, with both extremities receiving each injection. On August 20, the drug regulator granted emergency use authorization for ZyCoV-D, the world’s first non-injectable COVID-19 vaccine based on DNA.


ZyCoV-D uses the genetic material of SARS-CoV-2 proteins to instruct human cells to produce SARS-CoV2 antigens to provoke an immune response. The stability of the vaccine between 2 and 8 degrees Celsius makes it suitable for India’s cold-chain infrastructure. It is simpler to administer than intramuscular immunizations because it is injected intradermally (in the space between the skin’s layers). Cadila’s DNA vaccines have the potential advantage of being able to be modified rapidly to protect against perpetually evolving pathogens.

Dosages of Zydus’ Needle-Free Corona Vaccine:

The three-dose intradermal vaccination course is administered with a needle-free applicator called PharmaJet to ensure gentle administration. Zydus Cadila is “evaluating” this alternative because the results of a two-dose regimen at 3 mg/dose were equivalent to those of the existing three-dose regimen.


The company announced on July 1 that the vaccine would be available in 45 to 60 days, pending approvals and manufacturing increases. The completion of the new ZyCoV-D manufacturing facility is anticipated by the end of July. In addition, its current facilities are capable of producing 4.5 million doses. According to Zydus Cadila, the company will produce 10 to 12 billion doses annually. With a goal of 200 million doses per year, the company seeks prospective partnerships to increase output by 60-70 million.


Zydus Cadila announced on July 1 that it had submitted a EUA application to the DCGI for its three-dose COVID-19 vaccine marketed under the brand name “ZyCoV-D.” In an affidavit The Centre informed the Supreme Court on June 27 that COVID-19 immunisations, including Zydus Cadila’s candidate, “will be available for the 12-18 age group soon, subject to statutory permissions.”
The following factors will affect the availability and distribution of ZyCoV-D:
Zydus Cadila’s production capacityIndia and other nations require vaccinations.
The price of the immunization
Indian government positions

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